Plot vs. Chronology: What’s the Difference?

Plot vs. Chronology: What’s the Difference?

The calendar is ending! We are all doomed!

My middle-grade fantasy, Finders Keepers, turns partly on the struggle to avert a disaster that will occur when the calendar changes to the year 4000. As the story approaches New Year’s Eve, 3999, a plague kills more and more people, earthquakes swallow buildings, and floods threaten to drown the city. All will be lost unless the book’s 12-year-old hero, Cade, is willing to risk his own well-being to save everyone else.

I got the idea for that plot point while I was drafting this book in 2012. The internet was abuzz with speculation over what might happen on 12/21/12, the last date on an ancient Mayan calendar. Speculation that the world would end was so common that NASA did a podcast explaining why it wouldn’t.

The furor reminded me of similar fears when the calendar rolled over to the year 2000, and we endured the so-called Y2K panic. Even some rational people feared civilization would collapse because of computer problems caused by the date change. Given how dependent we are on computers, it was hard to say people had no reason to worry, but a portion of the population entered into the panic with gusto, buying guns and stocking up on food and fuel. They generalized from a computer glitch to a gigantic social meltdown, and in a few cases, the end of the world.

Why do people put so much weight on the change from one page of the calendar to the next? After all, dates are a humanly created and somewhat arbitrary system. Why do we lend them such significance?

We Look for Patterns

I think it’s because we human beings want to understand the unknown. We want cause and effect. We want meaning. Psychologists say our brains are wired to find patterns, to connect one thing with another even though there’s no necessary connection. So in a primal way, the link between the end of a calendar and the end of the world makes sense.

We Find Plot Satisfying Because It’s a Pattern

Given this need, fiction is satisfying partly because a plot shapes events into a pattern. If something happens, experienced readers expect it to matter. If an event has no consequences, we’re likely to be annoyed. Or at least wonder why the editor didn’t insist the scene should be cut.

Events that matter and form a pattern create the difference between plot (one thing causes another) and chronology (one thing simply comes after another). My life has chronology, but not much of a plot. What I’m doing now probably has little connection to what I’ll do this afternoon. On the other hand, my character Cade’s life has a plot. Everything matters. That’s one reason fiction often feels richer and more satisfying than daily life.

On the other hand, Cade’s plot causes him a lot of problems and pain. I was happy to still be around to give an open house on January 1, 2000. Maybe I’m contented to enjoy plots mostly in fiction.

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5 thoughts on “Plot vs. Chronology: What’s the Difference?

  1. I first read this post a couple of weeks ago, and thought of it again over the weekend as I was re-reading Mischief, by the great Charlotte Armstrong. Mischief (like A Dram of Poison) is full of action and suspense — yet there is very little “and then”, but tons of “and so”. Not every book needs to be so strongly “and so”, perhaps, but it’s a good technique to study and try to incorporate more of in my own writing. I appreciate your highlighting this aspect of storytelling, Dorothy.

    Mischief was made into a movie starring a young Marilyn Monroe, titled Don’t Bother to Knock. I plan to watch it this evening. And then, I’ll start on Deep as a Tomb — my Christmas gift to myself! πŸ™‚

    1. I got that “and then” vs “and so” stuff from Connie Willis, who taught at a workshop I took. It made so much sense to me.

      I hope you like Deep as a Tomb. I always feel deep affection for my characters, so don’t tell me if you hate it!

      1. Well, I decided to re-read Finders Keepers first. If anything, I liked it even better the second time around. Especially the gods– any time they, or their eyes, are mentioned, it’s just perfect. And the epigraphs before each chapter reveal the character of the gods as well as relating to the action in the chapter. So well done!

        And now, I *have* started Deep as a Tomb!

  2. Hello ,

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    I love pets. I have two beautiful thai cats called Tammy(female) and Yommo(male). Yommo is 1 year older than Tommy. He acts like a bigger brother for her. πŸ™‚
    I have even created an Instagram account for them ( ) and probably soon they will have more followers than me (kinda funny).

    I have subscribed to your newsletter. πŸ™‚

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